Zyvestra®: Homeopathic Treatment for the Symptoms of Vertigo Clinical Background
What is Vertigo?
Vertigo is not a disease or disorder; rather it is a sensation or a symptom of a much larger problem that effects the functionality and efficiency of the inner ear. The sensation of "Vertigo" is largely categorized by experiencing periods of dizziness, discombobulation, disorientation and anxiety; furthermore, numerous individuals report having nausea during these experiences. The symptoms associated with Vertigo are relatively common across all demographic groups. The condition is not gender nor race biased and there have been studies conducted to determine if one group is more prone to the disorder than others.
What causes Vertigo? There are a myriad of conditions that can cause the onset of the qualities of Vertigo; however the main cause of the sensation germinated within the structures and chambers of the inner ear. The inner ear contains cochlear fluid which is vital in proper alignment of spatial orientation and balance for the human body. The Vestibular System is the collection of the inner ear, the Vestibular nerve, brainstem and cerebellum. The Vestibular System is responsible for integrating sensory stimuli and movement and for keeping objects in visual focus as the body moves. A common form of Vertigo associated with the Vestibular System is referred to as "Benign Paroxysmal Position Vertigo." BPPM affects the signal transduction between a structure known as the "Labyrinth" within the inner ear. This apparatus is comprised of semi-circular canals encased in fluid. The Labyrinth then transmits movement information to the Vestibular Nerve and the Vestibular Nerve carries the information to the brainstem and cerebellum
A common disorder/disease that is normally associated with Vertigo is Meniere's Disease. This is a disorder of the inner ear that causes dizziness and sensations of "fullness" within the head; Tinnitus is also a corollary to the onset of Meniere's Disease. Meinier's Disease is found in approximately 615,000 Americans each year. Those who are diagnosed with the disease often report feelings of extreme anxiety as a result of the sensations of "falling" or "dizziness."
Zyvestra®, is a homeopathic remedy that incorporates several ingredients traditionally used in homeopathy to treat and minimize the sensations and symptoms normally associated with Vertigo. The ingredients of Zyvestra® inlclude : (1) Cocculus Indicus; (2) Echinacea; (3) Gelsemium Sempervirens; (4) Phytolacca Decandra and (5) Pulsatilla. Each of these homeopathic treatments are intended to work in concert with one another to create an innovative and less harsh treatment for the symptoms associated with Vertigo.
Zyvestra® contains the following homeopathic ingredients. Homeopathic ingredients are included in the Homeopathic Pharmacoepeia of the US (HPUS) and are further described in homeopathic reference materials known as "provings." The following are excerpts from homeopathic reference materials on the traditional homeopathic uses for the ingredients in Zyvestra®:
• Cocculus IndicusVertigo, as from intoxication, or on rising up in the bed, with inclination to vomit, which forces the patient to lie down again. —Fits of vertigo, with nausea and loss of consciousness. —Headache, with inclination to vomit or vomiting, and pain as from a bruise in the intestines. —The headache is aggravated after sleeping, eating, or drinking (coffee), in the open air, while riding in a carriage; and is relieved in a warm room, or when becoming warm in bed. —Violent aching pains, esp. in the forehead. —Stupid feeling in the head (cold perspiration on forehead and hands). —During motion, headache, as if the eyes were being torn from the sockets, with vertigo. —Pain in the head, which seems, as it were, empty and hollow, or sensation of constriction in the brain. —Pulsative pains, sometimes in the crown of the head, sometimes in the temples. —Convulsive trembling of the head, caused by weakness of the muscles of the neck; worse after sleeping and in the open air, from coffee and tobacco; better in the warm room.¹
• EchinaceaVertigo when changing position of head. —Dull headache, felt as if brain was too large, with every beat of heart. —Dull pain in brain, full feeling. —Dull frontal headache, esp. over 1. eye, which was relieved in open air. —Severe headache in vertex, > by rest in bed. —Dull headache above eyes. —Dull, throbbing headache, worse through temples. —Head feels too large. —Dull headache, > in evening. —Dull headache, worse in r. temple, with sharp pain. —Full feeling in temples. —Sudden pain in 1. temple. —Sudden pain in 1. head above coronal suture. —Brain weary, felt most in 1. hemisphere. —Dull pain in occiput. —Chilly sensation in 1. occiput. —Dull headache, with dizziness. —Constant dull pressing pain in both temples. —Shooting pains through temples. —Dull occipital headache. —Constant dull pain in temples, > at rest and by pressure. —Head feels as big as a windmill, with mental depression.²
• G. SempervirensLightheaded and dizzy; < by sudden movement of the head, and walking. —Giddiness as if intoxicated, as if he should fall down. —Dizziness and blurred vision. —Giddiness with loss of sight, chilliness, accelerated pulse, dulness of vision, double vision. —Sensation of falling in children; child starts, grasps nurse or crib and screams out from fear of falling. —Intense pain over r. eye, as if forehead would come right over eyes and close them. —Sick headache, principally r. temple, beginning in the morning and increasing during day; < from motion and light; > after lying down; > by sleep or vomiting. —Neuralgic headache, beginning in upper cervical spine; vertebra prominens sensitive; numbness of occipital region; pains extend over head, causing a bursting pain in forehead and eyeballs; < at 10 a.m., when lying; with nausea, vomiting, cold sweat, cold feet. —Cerebro-spinal meningitis, stage of congestion; severe chill; dilated pupils; congestion of spine and brain. —Fulness in the head, with heat in the face and chilliness. —Great heaviness of the head, relieved by profuse micturition. —Pressure on vertex, so great as to extend into shoulders; head feels very heavy. —Pain as from a tape around the head. —Dull pain in the back part of the head after breakfast, worse when moving and stooping. —Back part of head seems to have a spot four inches square that is turning to ice. —Sensation as if the brain were bruised. —With the headache giddiness, faintness, pain in the neck, pulsation of the carotid arteries, pain in the limbs great drowsiness, sneezing, double vision, loss of sight. —Sensation of contraction of the skin in the middle of the forehead. —Itching on the head (face, neck, shoulders), preventing sleep. —Dimness of sight, and vertigo. —Cannot see anything (complete blindness). —Sudden blindness. —Pupils dilated. —Aversion to light; more to candle-light. —Thirst for light. —Confusion of sight; blindness; astigmatism.³
• Phytolacca DecandraVertigo: staggering with danger of falling; with dim vision; when rising from bed feels faint. —Headache: with nausea; dull; heavy; neuralgic; rheumatic; syphilitic; with backache and bearing down; weekly; < from wet weather. —Sore pain over head, < on r. side. —Pain in vertex; and sensation of soreness deep in brain as if bruised; when slipping from a high step to ground. —One-sided pain, just above eyebrows, with sick stomach; < in forehead, or above eyebrows (glabella most affected); comes every week. —Dull, pressive pain in forehead, with slight nausea, cold sweat on forehead and feeling of weakness. —Shooting pain from 1. eye to vertex. —Violent pain at back of 1. eye and over eyebrow extending down side of head. —Heavy aching in forehead after dinner. —Slight pain in forepart of head with increase of hearing. —Heaviness of head, with feeling in back part of tongue as if burnt. —Headache commencing in frontal region and extending backward. —Nausea and headache > by eating, but returning soon with vomiting which < headache and > the nausea. —Pressive pain on forehead and upper part of both eyes; on vertex with dryness. —Pain in back of head and neck. —Head thrown backward. —Pain in occiput; and stomach. —Rheumatism of r. frontal region with nausea, < morning; of scalp when it rains, with depression. —Syphilitic nodes on skull. —Tinea capitis. —Crusta lactea, moist, fearful itching, with little raw tubercles on scalp, face, and arms.4
• PulsatillaVertigo as during intoxication, or vertigo to such an extent as to fall, and staggering, < evening, or morning when rising up, when getting up after lying down, when sitting, when stooping, when walking in open air, or after a meal, as well as on raising eyes, and often with great heaviness and heat in head, paleness of face, inclination to vomit, sleep, cloudiness of eyes, and buzzing in ears. —Meditation and conversation < the vertigo. —Fits of dizziness and loss of consciousness, with bluish redness and bloatedness of face, loss of motive power, violent palpitation of heart, pulse almost extinct, and respiration rattling. —Pain as from a bruise in brain (as if brain were lacerated, on or soon after waking), as in typhus fever or after intoxication with brandy. —Headache as from indigestion, caused by eating fat food (or from the abuse of Mercury). —Pain in head as if forehead would split, or as if brain were tight, compressed, or contracted. —Headache on moving eyes deep in orbits as if forehead would fall out; and frontal bones were too thin, with dulness of head, evening. —Semilateral headache as if brain would burst and eyes fall out of head. —Soreness as from subcutaneous ulceration in one or both temples, < in evening, when at rest, and in warm room; > by walking in open air. —Twitching-tearing in temple on which one lies, and going to the other side when turning on it; < in evening and on raising eyes upwards. —Congestion of blood to head, with stinging pulsation in brain, esp. when stooping. —Shootings, or sharp drawing and jerking pains, or tingling pulsation, and boring in head. —Headache across eyes like a drawing-up and letting go again. —Roaring, buzzing, and crackling in head; or painful sensation, as if a current of air were crossing brain. —The headache is often only semilateral, extending as far as ear and teeth, where it affects forehead (generally in one temple) above eyes, penetrating into sockets, or it is experienced in occiput, with painful contraction in nape of neck (with vertigo, ringing in ears, and vanishing of sight). —Appearance or < of headache in evening, after lying down, or at night, or in bed in morning, as well as on stooping, on moving eyes or head, when walking in open air, and during intellectual labour; compression sometimes >. —Headache > by meditation. —Headache with nausea and vomiting, or with congestion and heat in head, or else with shuddering and syncope, vertigo, cloudiness of eyes, loss of sight, and buzzing in ears, photophobia, and weeping. —Pain in scalp on turning up hair (or on brushing hair backwards). —Tickling and itching in head. —Purulent pustules and small tumours, with pain in scalp as from ulceration (suppurating and affecting the skull, more painful when lying on the opposite well side). —Tingling, biting-itching on scalp, mostly on temples and behind ears, followed by swelling and eruptions; sore pain; < in evening when undressing and on getting warm in bed. —Fetid, frequently cold perspiration, at times only on one side of head and face, with great anxiety and stupor; < at night and towards morning, > after waking and rising. —Disposition to take cold in head, < when it gets wet; sweat of scalp and face.5
• Ferrum MetallicumVertigo, which causes falling forwards, as from the motion of a carriage, esp. on moving, stooping. —Dizziness and turning vertigo, on looking at running water; with sickness at the stomach in walking; with the sensation as if the head would constantly incline to r. side. —Pressive pain in the head, esp. in the fresh air. —Painful confusion in the head, above the root of the nose, esp. in the evening. —Pulling from the nape of the neck to the head, with shootings and buzzing. —Periodical hammering and pulsative headache, which oblige the patient to lie down, every two or three weeks. —Congestion in the head; enlarged veins, sensitiveness of the head to the touch; worse after midnight and towards morning; returning periodically. —Pain in the back part of the head when coughing. —Pain in the scalp, as if it were galled. —Profuse falling off of the hair, with pain when it is touched.6
• SiliceaVertigo of different kinds, esp. in the morning, and principally on lifting up the eyes, or when riding in a carriage, and also when stooping, or after moral emotions. —Vertigo, with nausea and retching, or proceeding from the back to the nape and head. —Vertigo: as if one would fall forward; is obliged to walk to r. side; is obliged to sit down; when closing eyes; from lying on 1. side. —Vertigo, which causes to fall backwards. —Pain which ascends from the nape into vertex, sometimes hindering sleep, at night. —Headache when over-heated. —Headache, with shivering, lassitude, and necessity to lie down. —Headache every morning. —Aching in head, with ill-humour and heaviness in all the limbs, sometimes in morning. —Heaviness of head; pressing out in the forehead, which seems ready to split, sometimes every day, from morning till evening (< from evening till night, from stepping hard, from uncovering head, or if head becomes cold in open air). —Tension and pressure in the head, as if it were about to burst (ascending from the neck to the forehead).─Drawings in the head, which seem to pass out at the forehead. —Tearing pains in the head, often semilateral, with shootings which seem to pass out through the eyes, and into the bones of the face and the teeth, or which manifest themselves every morning, with heat in the head, principally in the forehead (and great restlessness; < from a draught of air and motion). —Lancinations (stitches) in head, esp. in temples (principally in the r. from within to without; < at night, from moving eyes, from talking and writing). —Throbbing headache, generally from congestion of blood in head (pulsating and beating, most violent in forehead and vertex, with chilliness). —Congestion to head, with redness in face. —Painful shocks in head. —Movements and whirling in head, as if everything in it were alive. —Shaking and vibration in brain at every step (roaring and shattering sensation when stepping hard or knocking foot against anything). —The headaches are < principally by intellectual labour, talking, stooping, noise, jarring, light, and cold air, and are > in warm room; from wrapping head up warmly; from binding head tightly. —After the pains in the head, clouded sight. —Painful sensitiveness of exterior of head to least touch. —Profuse perspiration on head in evening, on going to sleep (this looks like Calc. carb., but in Sil. the perspiration extends lower down on the neck, and is apt to have an offensive smell). —Burning in head with pulsation and perspiration of head; < at night, from mental exertion and talking; > wrapping the head up warm. —Burning and itching, mostly on back part of head; < from scratching, which causes burning and soreness; < when undressing in evening and on getting warm in bed. —Tearing pain in scalp < at night and from pressure. —Profuse, sour-smelling perspiration on head only (in evening), with great sensitiveness of scalp, with pale face and emaciation. —Tendency to take cold in head, which cannot possibly be uncovered. —Tuberous elevations on scalp. —Eruption on back part of head and behind ears dry, offensive-smelling, scabby, burning itching; when scratching it, burning feeling, more sore, and discharging pus. —Itching pustules and bulbous swellings on hairy scalp and on neck; very sensitive to pressure, touch, and when lying on it; > when wrapping it up warm. —Sensitiveness of scalp to pressure (of hat) and to contact; < in evening and when lying on painful side; burning after scratching. —Open fontanelles; head too large and rest of body emaciated, with pale wax-colour of face; hot, swollen abdomen and fetid stools. —Violent itching in scalp. —Moist scald-head, which itches. —Falling off of the hair.7
ConclusionVertigo in its various forms impacts nearly 1 million Americans each year. The symptoms and sensations include dizziness, disorientation, , nausea and anxiety. These conditions can render the individual incapacitated until the occurrences subside. Zyvestra®, offers an innovative, less harsh and homeopathic alternative for treating the symptoms of Vertigo.